History

The history of Indian Home Furnishing textiles is mentioned in our Epics and Puranas. Nearly five million years ago, a piece of cotton stuck to a silver vase and some spindles were found in excavations. This revealed that the spinning and weaving of cotton was known to the Harrappans. Various materials used in spinning and the method of spinning are mentioned in the ancient scripts. In the Vedic literature also, we can find the information about weaving.

Buddhist era sctripts reveal that woolen carpets were known in India as early as 500 B.C. Some varieties of Indian fabrics are mentioned in the Chinese literature. This indicates the early exports of India. Marco Polo's records show that Indian textiles used to be exported to China and South East Asia from Andhra and Tamil ports in the "largest ships". A port named 'Kalyan' was a place from where textiles were exported in the second century BC. There is archaeological evidence from Mohenjo-Daro, which establishes that the complex technology of mordant dyeing was being used in the subcontinent from at least the second millennium B.C. A hoard of block printed and resists dyed fabrics, mainly of Gujrati origin, found in the tombs of Fostat, Egypt. They were exported in the early medieval times from India to the Egyptian countries.

A famous Indian export item, silk fabric was exported to Indonesia in the 13th century. At the end of the 17th century, the British East India Company had begun exports of Indian silks and cotton fabrics to different countries. Before the introduction of mechanized means of spinning in the early 19th century, all Indian cottons and silks were hand spun and hand woven, a highly popular fabric, called the khadi.

Some historians have concluded that India may have given birth to textile printing. India's historical prominent role in textile production stems from its wealth in natural resources which are Silk, cotton and jute. Prior to colonization, India's manually operated textile machines were among the best in the world and these served as a model for production of the first textile machines in newly industrialized Britain and Germany.

By the British capitalism, India once one of the leading textile exporters became a net importer of these textiles in the year 1880. This situation was continued till it got independence. In the year 1990, India realized the sufferings of the textile sector due to the numerous regulatory actions and then relaxed many constraints imposed earlier on this sector. By liberalizing its policies in 1991, its, economic situation has improved in a better way.